IP ADDRESS – INTERNET PROTOCOL ADDRESS
Its an identifier for a computer or device on a network. Every device has to have an IP address for communication purposes.It Consists of 2 parts, A network address and a host address.
IP is two types IPv4 and IPv6
IPv4 is the current version of IP address (not for long)
32-bit Numeric addresss written as four numbers separated by periods.
Example IPv4- 22.214.171.124
Number range is from 0- 255
IPV4 have 4, 294, 967, 296 possible unique addresses.
Computers only understand numbers in a binary format not understand other numbers
Binary numbers only use 1’s and 0’s
So Binary no of IPV4- 126.96.36.199 is 01000010.01011110.00011101.00001101